Understanding the Constitution – 23rd Amendment

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Consitution of the United States and Feather QuillPassed by Congress: June 16,1960

Ratified: Mar 29, 1961

23rd Amendment

Section 1: The district constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall be appoint in such manner as Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purpose of the elections of President and Vice President, the be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2: The Congress Shall have power to enforce the article by appropriate legislation.

Because Washington, DC and because the Electoral College that was designed in 1787 only grants votes to States, the people living in Washington, DC weren’t able to vote in elections.  This amendment grants electoral votes equal to those of the least populous state.

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